The Loulé  Sovereign Mother festival, also known as the Feast of Our Lady of Piety, considered the largest religious manifestation south of Portugal.

Sovereign Mother festival in the streets of loule

Beyond the sun-drenched beaches and historical treasures the Algarve has to offer, Loulé is rich in History and boasts a vibrant cultural scene.

The largest Religious Festival in Loulé is the Sovereign Mother Festival (Festa da Mãe Soberana). This festival attracts thousands of devotees and visitors each year.

When is the Sovereign Mother Festival held in 2024?

When is the Loulé Religious Festa da Mãe Soberana held?

The Sovereign Mother Festival is held annually, coinciding with Easter Sunday. The exact dates vary each year, 

  • 2024: March 31st – April 14th


If you want to plan ahead to next year;

  • 2025: April 13th – April 27th

Loulé Religious Festival

The Sovereign Mother Festival is a deeply embedded tradition in Loulé, serving as a powerful testament to the town’s rich history and unwavering faith. Held annually, this 15-day religious festival celebrates the patron saint of Loulé, Our Lady of Piety (Nossa Senhora da Piedade), also revered as the Sovereign Mother. The festival is a vibrant religious procession, cultural performances, and community gatherings, offering a unique glimpse into the heart and soul of Loulé.

Our lady of Piety holds a special place in the hearts of the people of Loulé. Her history is interwoven with the towns history , and her veneration dates back centuries.

The Sovereign mother is being carried on the shoulders of 6 men with the crowd cheering them on

The Legend of the Sovereign Mother - Our Lady of Piety

The tale dates back to before the end of the 16th century.

There was a 15-year-old young girl who, one afternoon, when she was going to place some flowers on an altar that her parents had ordered her to build in a cave, was surprised by a nobleman who was hanging around there. The nobleman, in love and obsessed with the beauty of the fifteen-year-old girl, tried to abuse her.

However, the girl resisted the nobleman’s strength and prayerfully asked the Virgin of Mercy for help.

At that moment, a miracle occurred, because the Virgin responded to the girl’s request and she came out unharmed. The nobleman, ashamed of himself because he was a well-known person in the land, entered the convent and died a friar.

Thus, the fame of the Virgin of Mercy as a miracle worker was such that she later took on the name of Sovereign (Soberana).

They began to call her Sovereign and from then on she was idolized.

The inhabitants of the municipality of Loulé wanted to build a chapel on the site of the cave. The workers responsible for building the chapel left their tools there at night.

The next day, when they returned to the cave, they were astonished to find that the tools had disappeared from where they had left them and appeared on the top of the hill. For these workers there was only one explanation: the miraculous power of the Saint, who didn’t want her little church hidden away in a cave; she wanted it high up so that worship could be more visible.

Once the construction of the chapel on the hill began, the workers’ tools never disappeared again. It was 1553 when the chapel was completed.

Original location where the chapel was to be built at the foot of the hill

The Chapel of Nossa Senhora da Piedade: A Sacred Abode

The Chapel of Nossa Senhora da Piedade (Our Lady of Piety), is located on top of the hill overlooking Loulé and serves as the Sovereign Mother’s permanent home.

During the 1755 earthquake, part of the chapel was destroyed. This was immediately rebuilt in the following years.


This quaint 18th-century chapel, adorned with azulejos (painted tiles) and baroque elements, exudes a sense of serenity and devotion.

Throughout the year, pilgrims visit the chapel to offer prayers, light candles, and seek blessings from the Sovereign Mother.

The chapel is quite small. There was a great need to build a new chapel that had the capacity to allow a greater number of people in at the same time.

In 1995 a new sanctuary was inaugurated. It is located right behind the original chapel. It is built as a dome shape. The interior is not as elaborate as the smaller chapel with no fresco painting.

The statue of Our Lady of Piety, intricately carved from wood and adorned with precious jewels, is the focal point of the chapel.

During the Sovereign Mother Festival, the statue embarks on a journey from her chapel to the heart of Loulé, marking the beginning of the festivities.

Two churches at Nossa Senhora da Piedade
The current Church sits behind the original chapel

Mãe Soberana - Sovereign Mother Festival - Traditions and Events

The Sovereign Mother Festival unfolds in a series of captivating events, each contributing to the unique character of this cherished tradition.

The Small Feast (Festa Pequena): Welcoming the Sovereign Mother

The Sovereign Mother Festival kicks off with the Small Feast (Festa Pequena), coinciding with Easter Sunday. This day marks the descent of the statue of Our Lady of Piety from her hilltop chapel to the Church of S. Francisco in the heart of Loulé.

At 5 pm a solemn procession carries the statue, accompanied by prayers, hymns, and the rhythmic beats of local band. Devotees  line the streets, casting flower petals and raising their voices in joyful chants, creating a truly moving spectacle.

15 Days of Celebration: A Time for Devotion and Community

For the following 15 days, the statue of Our Lady of Piety resides in the Church of S. Francisco. This period is a vibrant tapestry of religious and cultural events, fostering a sense of community and shared devotion.

  • Religious ceremonies: Daily masses, prayer services, and special blessings are held throughout the 15 days, offering opportunities for spiritual reflection and collective prayer.


  • Cultural events: The festival transcends the realm of religion, offering a platform for cultural expression. Traditional music performances, folk dances, and exhibitions of local crafts fill the town with vibrancy, showcasing the rich cultural heritage of Loulé.


  • Lectures and seminars: The festival also features lectures and seminars on various topics related to the history and significance of the Sovereign Mother and the festival itself, offering deeper insights into this cherished tradition.
police on horses leading the Sovereign Mother festival procession
Mãe Soberana Festival

The Grand Feast (Festa Grande): A Culmination of Faith and Tradition

The Grand Feast (Festa Grande) marks the culmination of the Sovereign Mother Festival. This day signifies the return of the statue of Our Lady of Piety to her chapel atop the hill.

Mid-morning, Mãe Soberana is carried to the Statue of Eng. Durate Pacheco in the center of Loulé. A large Alter is set up the welcome Our Lady of Piety.

An afternoon Mass is given where the Algarve Bishop is present and numerous priests from Algarve parishes as well as other priests from other areas in Portugal.

Aerial shot of Eng. Duarte Pacheco statue with Sovereign Mother festival and hundreds of people following the procession

Once the Mass is over a grand procession, even more elaborate than the one during the Small Feast, winds its way through the streets of Loulé. 

Thousands of participants, follow the Sovereign Mother Festival, and join the procession, carrying flowers, candles, and religious banners. The air is filled with the sounds of music, prayers, and cheers, creating a powerful display of faith and tradition.

The Sovereign Mother will make a few stops along the way to “bless” local institutions. Mãe Soberana will also stop in front of the Loulé Municipality Council (townhall) where the Mayor will greet Our Lady of Piety from the balcony, The mayor and a few of his cabinet people will then descend and join the procession behind Mãe Soberana to take her home.

You will notice that some balconies will have red or white blankets or bed covers hanging from the Balconies, this is in honor of the Sovereign Mother. Locals will throw rose petals as Nossa Senhora da Piedade ( Our lady of Piety) passes.

When The Sovereign Mother festival procession reaches the San Francisco Church there will be another small ceremony given by the Loulé priest.

This also gives time for the 8 men that carry Mãe Soberana on their shoulders a little rest, once the procession restarts the pace will pick up and they will have a long steep hill the climb carrying the Sovereign Mother on their shoulders.

It is from here onwards the ceremony becomes an emotional and unforgettable experience to witness. Even if you are not a religious person you will be swept away by what you are about to see.

The flow of people that line up in front of Our lady of Piety and start to pace the procession, the local band will also play whilst escorting Mãe Soberana home even when they are climbing the steep hill.

Behind The Sovereign Mother.  More people will line up and follow her home all at a steady pace to help the 6 men that Mãe Soberana on their shoulders. 

Everyone will call out “Viva a Mãe Soberana” and wave a white handkerchief as they pass the people lined up along the roadside to watch the procession. 

Mãe Soberana Loulé climbing the hill carried by people

As you watch the Sovereign Mother Festival Procession climb the steep hill you will start to see a human chain of people chanting and it looks like they are all carrying Mãe Soberana up the hill until she is finally home.

Once our Lady of Piety is home she will look back down onto the town of Loulé to say Thank You. 

Another small blessing will take place and Mãe Soberana will then be taken back to her Chapel.

Just before midnight, fireworks are launched to celebrate the return of Nossa Senhora da Piedade ( Our Lady of Piety) to return home and thank her for her visit and for blessing the town and the people of Loulé.

A Celebration that Transcends Time

The Sovereign Mother Festival is more than just a religious celebration; it’s a deeply ingrained cultural phenomenon that transcends generations.

It serves as a powerful symbol of Loulé’s rich history, unwavering faith, and vibrant cultural heritage.

The festival fosters a sense of community, bringing together people from all walks of life in a shared celebration of their patron saint and cultural identity.

Witnessing the Sovereign Mother Festival is a captivating experience that allows visitors to gain a deeper understanding of the local customs, traditions, and the very essence of Loulé.

The enduring legacy of the Sovereign Mother Festival lies in its ability to connect the past, present, and future. It serves as a bridge between generations, ensuring that the rich cultural heritage of Loulé continues to thrive and be celebrated for years to come.

Whether you’re a devout believer, a cultural enthusiast, or simply seeking a unique travel experience, the Sovereign Mother Festival invites you to partake in its captivating tapestry of traditions, fostering a sense of connection and leaving a lasting impression on all who witness its vibrant spirit.

Experiencing the Sovereign Mother Festival

If you’re captivated by the vibrant traditions and cultural tapestry of the Sovereign Mother Festival, you might be considering witnessing it firsthand.

Tips for Attending the Festival:

  • Accommodation: Loulé experiences a surge in visitors during the festival. Booking your accommodation well in advance is crucial. 
  • Navigating the town: Loulé is a walkable town, and most festival activities take place within the city center. However, comfortable shoes are recommended!
  • Respecting local customs: As a visitor, it’s important to dress modestly and be respectful of the religious nature of the festival. Avoid disruptive behavior and be mindful of local customs and traditions.

The Sovereign Mother Festival awaits you with its vibrant tapestry of traditions, offering a glimpse into the heart and soul of Loulé. From the captivating processions and cultural performances to the deep-rooted faith and sense of community, this festival promises an unforgettable experience.

Where to Park for the Loulé Mãe Soberana - Sovereign Mother Festival?

Is it easy to find a parking spot for the Sovereign Mother Festival? Yes, if you arrive early, especially for the Festa Grande (Big Fiest)

There are designated parking spaces available, but, please bear in mind that most of the Loulé Historical Center is closed off to cars.  From Largo de São Francisco to Statue Duarte Pacheco, Avenida Costa Mealha these areas are all closed to cars. 

Here you will find free car parking in Loulé you can easily find each carpark in the Map we have given you below;

  • Nossa Senhora d Piedade Sanctuary – To park at the chapel you will get the best view as the Sovereign Mother returns home. To park here you will need to arrive at least 2 -3 hours before the Religious Festival commences.
  • Loulé Continente Modelo supermarket. You can park here and it is a short walk into the historical center of Loulé or you can see the climb with a great view of the hillside and chapel. As this is a shopping car park we recommend you at least buy a bottle of water or have a coffee.
  • Car park on the roundabout of road N270 – This is a small car park but a great location if you arrive early. It is just down the road from  Modelo Supermarket.
  • Car park behind Lidl Supermarket – As you enter Loulé and pass Lidl supermarket on Avenida André de Sousa at approximately 200 meters on your left you can turn right and see a small free car park area. This car park is also popular for caravans or campavans.
  • Car park Salão de Festas Loulé – This car park is situated on Rua Sabestião Cordeiro, in front of the municipality stadium.  This is a central car park with easy access to Avenida Costa Mealha and Eng Duarte Pacheco statue where the afternoon procession will commence.
  • Car park Moura Cássima – Rua Voz de Loulé , another very good central car park area to view and participate in the Sovereign Mother procession.